• South Africa
Netherland

Government

Republic. Administrative capital (2003 est.): Pretoria, 1,541,300 (metro. area), 1,249,700 (city proper); Legislative capital and largest city: Cape Town, 3,140,600 (metro. area), 2,733,000 (city proper). Judicial capital: Bloemfontein, 378,000. No decision has been made to relocate the seat of government. South Africa is demarcated into nine provinces, consisting of the Gauteng, Northern Province, Mpumalanga, North West, KwaZulu/Natal, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and Free State. Each province has its own capital. Total area 471,008 sq mi (1,219,912 sq km) Population (2012 est.) 48,810,427 (growth rate: –0.412%); birth rate: 19.32/1000; infant mortality rate: 42.67/1000; life expectancy: 49.41; density per sq mi: 109.8 Monetary unit Rand

Languages

IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001) Ethnicity/race black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001)

Religions

Zion Christian 11%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8%, Catholic 7%, Methodist 7%, Dutch Reformed 7%, Anglican 4%, other Christian 36%, Islam 2%, none 15% (2001) National Holiday Constitution Day, May 17 Literacy rate 86.4% (2003 est.)

Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $555 billion; per capita $11,000. Real growth rate: 3.1%. Inflation: 5%. Unemployment: 24.9%. Arable land: 12%.

Agriculture

corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products. Labor force: 17.66 million economically active; agriculture 9%, industry 25%, services 65% (2007 est.).

Industries

mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair.

Natural resources:

gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas.

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 4.127 million (2011); mobile cellular: 64 million (2011). Television broadcast stations: 556 (plus 144 network repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 6 million (2000). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4.761 million (2012). Internet users: 4.42 million (2009).

Transportation:

Railways: total: 20,192 km (2008). Highways: total: 362,099 km; paved: 73,506 km (including 2,032 km of expressways); unpaved: 288,593 km (2002). Ports and harbors: Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay. Airports: 567 (2012).

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