• New Zealand
Netherland

Government

Parliamentary democracy. Capital (2003 est.) Wellington, 342,500 (metro. area), 165,100 (city proper)

Land area 103,734 sq mi (268,671 sq km); total area: 103,737 sq mi (268,680 sq km)

Population

4,252,277 (growth rate: 0.9%); birth rate: 13.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.8/1000; life expectancy: 80.5; density per sq km: 15 Monetary unit NewZealand dollar Largest cities: Auckland, 369,300 (metro. area), 359,500 (city proper); Christchurch, 334,100

Languages English, Maori (both official) Ethnicity/race European 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Pacific Islander 4.4%, Asian 5.7%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8% (2001)

Religions

Anglican 15%, Roman Catholic 12%, Presbyterian 11%, Methodist 3%, Pentecostal 2%, Baptist 1%, other Christian 9%, none 26% (2001) National Holiday Waitangi Day, February 6 Literacy rate 99% (2003 est.)

Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $114.9 billion; per capita $27,300. Real growth rate: –1.4%. Inflation: 1.8%. Unemployment: 7.3%. Arable land: 6%.

Agriculture

wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, lamb and mutton, dairy products; fish. Labor force: 2.23 million: services 74%, industry 19%, agriculture 7% (2006).

Industries

Food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining. Natural resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone. Exports: $26.25 billion (2009 est.): dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery. Imports: $24.3 billion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, vehicles and aircraft, petroleum, electronics, textiles, plastics. Major trading partners: Australia, U.S., Japan, China, UK, Singapore, Germany (2006).

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 1.729 million (2005); mobile cellular: 3.53 million (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 124, FM 290, shortwave 4 (1998). Radios: 3.75 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 41 (plus 52 medium-power repeaters and over 650 low-power repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 1.926 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1.433 million (2007). Internet users: 3.2 million (2006).

Transportation:

Railways: total: 4,128 km (2006). Highways: total: 92,931 km; paved: 59,783 km (includes 171 km of expressways); unpaved: 33,148 km (2003). Waterways: 1,609 km; of little importance to transportation. Ports and harbors: Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin, Tauranga, Wellington. Airports: 121 (2007).

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