• Jordon
Jordon

Government

Constitutional hereditary monarchy. Capital Amman, 1.088 million Land area 34,286 sq mi (88,802 sq km); total area: 34,495 sq mi (89,342 sq km) excludes West Bank Population 6,508,887 (growth rate: -0.965%); birth rate: 26.52/1000; infant mortality rate: 15.83/1000; life expectancy: 80.18

Monetary unit Jordanian dinar National name Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniya al-Hashimiyah Languages Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1% Ethnicity/race Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1% Religions Islam (Sunni) 92%, Christian 6% (mostly Greek Orthodox), other 2% National Holiday Independence Day, May 25 Literacy rate 92.6%

Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $37.37 billion; per capita $6,000. Real growth rate : 2.5%. Inflation: 6.4%. Unemployment: 12.3% official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30% (2011est.). Arable land: 3.32%.

Agriculture

Citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, strawberries, stone fruits; sheep, poultry, dairy. Labor force: 1.771 million; services 77.4%, industry 20%, agriculture 2.7% (2007 est.).

Industries

clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism. Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil. Exports: $8.066 billion (2011 est.): clothing, phosphates, fertilizers, potash, vegetables, pharmaceuticals. Imports: $14.01 billion (2011 est.): crude oil, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cereals. Major trading partners: U.S., Iraq, India, Saudi Arabia, China, Germany, Egypt, Lebanon, Italy (2011).

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 485,000 (2009); mobile cellular: 6.62 million (2009).

Transportation:

Railways: total: 507 km (2010). Highways: total: 7,891 km; paved: 7,891 km; unpaved: 0 km (2009). Ports and terminals: Al 'Aqabah. Airports: 18 (2012).

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