• AUSTRIA
Austria Land area 2,941,283 sq mi (7,617,931 sq km); total area: 2,967,893 sq mi (7,686,850 sq km)

Government

Federal republic. National Name Republik Österreich

Current government officials
Ethnicity/race: Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001)
Religions: Roman Catholic 74%, Protestant 5%, Islam 4%, none 12% (2001) National Holiday National Day, October 26 Literacy rate: 98%

Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $351.4 billion; per capita $41,700. Real growth rate: 3.3%. Inflation: 3.3%. Unemployment: 4.2%. Arable land: 16.59%. Agriculture: grains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber. Labor force: 3.668 million (2011 est.); agriculture and forestry 3%, industry and crafts 27%, services 70%. Industries: construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism. Natural resources: oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower. Exports: $180.7 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs. Imports: $183 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Netherlands (2006).

Communications

Telephones: main lines in use: 3.245 million (2011); mobile cellular: 12.241 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 65 (plus several hundred repeaters), shortwave 1 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 10 (plus more than 1,000 repeaters) (2001). Internet hosts: 3.445 million (2011). Internet users: 6.143 million (2011).

Transportation

Railways: total: 6,399 km (3,552 km electrified) (2011). Highways: 110,778 km; (including 1,677 km of expressways) (2011). Waterways: 358 km (2007). Ports and harbors: Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna. Airports: 55 (2011).

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