• Australia
Netherland

Australia

Capital (2009 est.): Canberra, 384,000 Largest cities: Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million (2009) Land area 2,941,283 sq mi (7,617,931 sq km); total area: 2,967,893 sq mi (7,686,850 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 21,015,576 (growth rate: 1.13%); birth rate: 12.28/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.55/1000; life expectancy: 81.9 Monetary unit Australian dollar

Languages

English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% (2006 Census) National Holiday: Australia Day, January 26 Ethnicity/race Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% Religions Literacy rate 99% (2011 est.)

Economic summary

GDP/PPP $917.7 billion (2011 est.); per capita $40,800. Real growth rate: 1.8%. Inflation: 3.4%. Unemployment: 5.1%. Arable land: 6.15%. Agriculture wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry. Labor force: 12.05 million; agriculture 3.6%, industry 21.1%, services 70.4% (2011 est.). Industries mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel.

Natural resources: bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum.

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 8.66 million (2011); mobile cellular: 22.5 million (2011). Internet users: 15.81 million (2011).

Transportation:

Railways: total: 38,445 km. Highways: total: 818,356 km (2011). Waterways: 2,000 km (mainly used for recreation on Murray and Murray-Darling river systems) (2006). Ports and terminals: Brisbane, Cairns, Dampier, Darwin, Fremantle, Gladstone, Geelong, Hay Point, Hobart, Jervis Bay, Melbourne, Newcastle, Port Adelaide, Port Dalrymple, Port Hedland, Port Kembla, Port Lincoln, Port Walcott, Sydney. Airports: 465 (2012).

Government:

Democracy. Symbolic executive power is vested in the British monarch, who is represented throughout Australia by the governor-general.

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